Cases OBGYNs Deal With
An OBGYN is a doctor whose area of expertise is the female reproductive system. Obstetrics handles these areas for pregnant women. For all other times, gynecology kicks in. This doctor is therefore needed whether a woman is pregnant or not. If you wish to become an OBGYN, you first have to get your medical degree, then proceed for further studies to specialize in the field. A gynecologist also needs to get trained in being obstetric, but the obstetric does not necessarily have to receive gynecology training. After being certified, most OBGYNs go for general practice, with a few specializing in specific fields.
These specialty areas are known as fellowships and shall combine clinical, operational and research training. You will know the length of your training when you look at what you chose. These fellowships can be such as maternal-fetal medicine, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and menopausal gynecology, and others.
An OBGYN can do so many procedures for either pregnant or non-pregnant women. One of their most common procedure is the ultrasound. This service is called upon in different stages of the pregnancy. It always reveals more details about the status of the mother and the developing fetus. The first ultrasound, for example, will reveal the duration of the pregnancy, and the expected end of the gestation period date. This procedure is performed in an OBGYN’s clinic by use of an ultrasound sonographer. As the pregnancy nears its conclusion, a contraction stress test procedure may be administered. The point of this test is to induce contractions that shall reveal the reactions of the fetus, inconsistencies, and the expected childbirth conditions.
You will discover more procedures these doctors have been trained to perform. They for instance perform dilation and curettage. Dilation covers the enlarging of the patient’s uterus, while curettage is where they scrape the lining of the uterus for tissue samples. It is necessary when they need to know more about, and treat, the occurrence of abnormal uterine bleeding. Once the samples have been collected, they shall be observed under a microscope for abnormalities.
There is also hysterectomy, which is a popular gynecological procedure. In it, they shall remove either part of, or the whole uterus. It is usually done to a woman who is at the child-bearing age. This is what they have to turn to when there is nothing else to do in cases of chronic pelvic pain, cancer, or abnormal uterine bleeding.
An OBGYN relies on their skills and training, as well as their experience to perform numerous procedures and administer care for both pregnant and non-pregnant women.